Thomas James Phillips

b. 2 May 1897, d. 8 December 1980
Tom Phillips
FatherJohn Phillips1 b. 25 Jul 1863, d. 6 Aug 1925
MotherEllen O'Loughlin1 b. 26 Mar 1869, d. 24 Jun 1951
ChartsCampbell, John, descendant chart
McDonald, Archibald, descendant chart
O'Loughlin, Michael, descendant chart
Phillips, James, descendant chart
Phillips, Thomas, pedigree chart
Steer, Edward, descendant chart

Birth, Death, Marriage

Thomas James Phillips was born on 2 May 1897 in Bacchus Marsh, Victoria.1 
He married Irene Gladys 'Sis' McDonald, daughter of Donald Glenorchy McDonald and Alice Euphemia Steer, on 9 September 1922 in St Monica's, Essendon, Victoria.2 
He died on 8 December 1980 in Shepparton, Victoria, at age 83. 

Family

Irene Gladys 'Sis' McDonald b. 4 Apr 1903, d. 17 Jul 1987
Children

Story

Tom was born and grew up in Bacchus Marsh.

On turning 18, he joined the AIF's 13th Australian Light Horse regiment and served in the First World War in Egypt, France and Belgium.

He worked as an apprentice baker before the war. After the war, he worked in Nyah as a labourer then clubroom manager. After marrying local girl Sis McDonald, they moved to Shepparton where he worked as a bread deliverer, labourer, bookmaker, billiard marker, barman, publican, business man and probably others as well. Rumour has it, he was also an SP bookmaker.

For 15 years, Tom ran billiard saloons and hairdressers.

He was involved with six hotels around Victoria before taking over the Hotel Australia in 1944. With his personal skills, business acumen and a lot of hard work, Tom, together with his family, took the hotel to being regularly in the top ten liquor sales figures for country Victoria. The family sold the Aussie hotel in 1979, after 35 years.

A generous man, Tom helped numerous people with their own business ventures or if they fell on hard times. He was also a foundation member of the local jockey club and trotting club.

Tom and Sis had six children, and at the time of his death at age 83, he was 'Papa' to 29, and had nine great-grandchildren.

 
Early Life
Tom was the fourth of ten children of John and Ellen Phillips. He was the first to be born in Bacchus Marsh after the family moved from Lillimur. He spent all of his childhood in The Marsh and attended the local St Bernard's school.3
 
By age 15 he was working as an apprentice baker at Weston's in St Kilda where he worked for three and a half years.4
 
St Patrick's Day sports 1913: Tom Phillips 1st in the 1 mile bike race.5

Military Service
About three months after his 18th birthday, on 28 July 1915, Tom joined the AIF's 13th Australian Light Horse regiment.6
Tom Phillips, trooper no. 1410
He enlisted in Melbourne the same day his parents gave their permission. Ellen wrote the letter, including the words 'I give permission ...', and signed it. John later added his signature and the 'I' was crossed out and changed to 'we'.6
Permission letter for Tom Phillips to enlist, Bacchus Marsh, Jul 1915
Image: NAA
Tom Phillips and Bill Vallence were brothers-in-law after the war when Bill married Tom's sister Mary.
Tom Phillips, Bill Vallence, probably Packington Vallence, nurses unknown, Bacchus Marsh, c. 1917
Image: Bacchus Marsh & District Historical Society
Tom was in the cadets for four years. This may have been part of a school program, or near St Kilda where he was an apprentice baker.

In the four months following enlistment, he was at a camp at Broadmeadows, then Seymour where he trained in the bush as part of the 13th Australian Light Horse regiment's 7th reinforcements.

On 23 November 1915, he embarked in Melbourne, travelling via Albany to Egypt on the transport ship HMAT Ceramic.

For three months, he trained with other reinforcements around Tel-el-Kebir, between the Nile and the Suez Canal (see map). Here the 13th Light Horse Regiment was split into three squadrons. Tom was assigned to C Squadron which became part of Fifth Division.6
 
In late June 1916, Tom disembarked at Marseilles in the south of France (see map) as this division moved to the Western Front. They travelled by train over 800 km north to what was known as the 'nursery sector' near Armentières (see map) where the whole of the 13th Light Horse Regiment was reassembled.

In July, the regiment became involved in the disastrous attack at Fromelles (see map) that resulted in 5533 casualties, the greatest loss of Australian lives in a single 24-hour period. This was the first time Australians were involved in a battle on the Western front. It is believed that on the German side of the attack was then 27 year old corporal Adolf Hitler.

In October, after several months of recovery, Fifth Division joined three other Divisions on the Somme around Flers and Bullecourt (see map). The main Somme fighting came to an end in November in the rain, mud, and slush of the oncoming winter.6,7,8,9,10
 
The 13th Light Horse Regiment and part of the 4th were the only Australian Light Horse to serve on the Western Front. The rest remained in Egypt, the Western Desert, Sinai and Palestine where conditions were more suitable.

Due to the static nature of the Western Front due to the trenches, traditional cavalry work was not available until the final stages of the war when mobility was a factor. Consequently, while the men from the 13th Light Horse Regiment participated in many of the major battles on the Western Front, it was done mainly as support troops. In that role the 13th Light Horse Regiment undertook traffic control, escort work and generally guarding the lines of communication.

Tom Carey wrote that Tom was 'a despatch rider in the mud and slush of the terrible battles of the Somme'. Through the worst of the 1916-1917 winter, until late March 1917, Tom's support role was on detachment to 22nd Field Artillery Brigade.

On 25 March 1917, he was assigned for duty with the Australian Provost Marshal. A form of military police, the 'provos' were responsible for traffic control along supply routes to ensure their most effective use. Three weeks later, Tom was on detachment to 1st Australian Divisional Train. A Divisional Train was a co-opted railway line, a rail head somewhere near the front line, and supply lines from there to the front lines for food, ammunition, etc. The supply lines were usually pack horse (but sometimes bicycle), and were patrolled and secured by the Provos.6,11,12,13,14
 
In March 1917 Fifth Division pursued the Germans to the Hindenburg Line, capturing Bapaume (France), and in May it relieved the First Division in the Second Battle of Bullecourt (France) (see map).

Over the next few months, the division made its way north towards Ypres in Belgium. In September it managed to turn an allied defeat into a major victory at the Battle of Polygon Wood (Belgium) (see map).

The division wintered around Messines (Mesen in Belgian, between Armentières and Ypres), occupying the front between November and December 1917.7
 
In December 1917, Tom was sick and transferred via Australian Field Ambulance to the Canadian Casualty Clearing Station at Remy siding near Poperinge (Belgium), then to the Canadian General Hospital in Boulogne (France). Initially diagnosed as influenza, a week later in Boulogne it was confirmed as trench fever. Two weeks later, on New Years Day 1918, Tom embarked Princess Elizabeth for transfer to Bristol in England.

In mid-January, he was transferred to an Australian military hospital in Dartford, east of London. A week later he was transferred to No. 4 Australian Command Depot in Hurdcott near Salisbury where AIF soldiers went to convalesce. Recovery stalled and by late March he was still suffering the after effects of the trench fever with symptoms including rapid heart rate (over 120 bpm), dizziness, breathing difficulties and exhaustion after even moderate exercise. There are also reports of shell shock and burns. A medical assessment determined that recovery would take more than six months, so Tom was sent home to recover. He left via Liverpool in late April aboard the hospital transport ship Suevic, turned 21 en route and arrived in Melbourne in early June.

Tom had assessments at No. 16 Australian General Hospital in MacLeod in Melbourne between June and September 1918. These led to the recommendation that he be discharged as permanently unfit with a 30% disability due to trench fever and dilated (or disordered) action of the heart.

He was discharged 9 October 1918, just a month before the end of the war. According to his certificate of discharge, Tom served 928 days abroad in a total of 1168 days service. He received three medals, the 1914/1918 Star, British War Medal and Victory Medal.6,15
 
Mademoiselle from Armentières
It's possible Tom had a night with a Mademoiselle from Armentières on 9 August 1917.

In at least six entries in his service record (mostly copies or transcripts), he is AWL (absent without leave) from 6:30 am 9th August to 6:30 on the 10th, and the place given is London. But there are no corresponding entries of his transfer to or from England, like four months later when he was sick. However, in one other record, a separate page, the place is 'field' and it is stamped 'Certified checked with records ... London'. It seems likely someone has transcribed this incorrectly and others have copied the mistake.

In August, his 13th Light Horse Regiment as part of Fifth Division, was near Armentières on its way to Ypres. Perhaps a young soldier fresh from a battle on the Somme and wondering if he'll make it to age 21, has seized the opportunity for a break and gone AWL, possibly even looking up someone he'd met when he was there 12 months earlier.

Armentières clearly meant something to Tom. In later years, family have said he would go around whistling 'Mademoiselle from Armentières'. And his wife Irene 'Sis' it quoted as saying 'One of his girl friends was Mademoiselle from Armentieres', and 'His face lights up when you mention those places'. And Tom's response: 'I should think it would, l was young then.7,6,13'
 
Bacchus Marsh Avenue of Honour
In August 1918, the Avenue of Honour was formed when 281 elm trees were planted by the Bacchus Marsh community as a tribute to local service people. The tree planted for Tom Phillips can been seen in the 1990s photo below.

The plaques were timber, about 3" high by 12" long with a metal plate at the top where the name was engraved. They were held to the tree by a metal band, which would would have had to be loosened as the tree grew.

Generations of relatives, including Tom's children, grandchildren and neices, visited the Avenue of Honour to see the plaque.

In 1998, some of the now 80 year old trees were cut down as they were deemed unsafe. One of the first to go was that of Trooper T J Phillips. An article from The Age newspaper describes the story (click on the PDF icon below). A photo from 2010 shows the replanted tree.16,17,18
Tania & Keith Blythman, TJ Phillips's tree, Bacchus Marsh Avenue of Honour, 1990s
TJ Phillips's tree, Bacchus Marsh Avenue of Honour, Mar 2010
Nyah
After his discharge, Tom headed to Swan Hill to look for work. He worked at the State Rivers and Water Supply Commission at Nyah and played football for Nyah Diggers for two seasons before the Soldiers' Clubrooms were opened and Tom was chosen as manager. He also met local girl Irene McDonald there.
 
Tess could not make scones: Once when Tom Phillips was visiting Tess he said 'Let's have a game of cricket'. When told they didn't have a ball, he said 'That's ok, we can use one of Tess's scones'.19

 
Married in Essendon
Tom and Sis were married in September 1922 at St Monica's Roman Catholic church in Essendon. Tom was 25 and Sis was 19 (the registration says 20). They stayed for a time at the home of Tom's sister, Teresa (Tess) O'Loughlin in Glen St, Essendon as they prepared for the marriage. Tom was Catholic, but Sis was not, so Tess and her family helped with her conversion to Catholicism. Witnesses to the marriage were John and Mary Phillips, Tom's brother and sister.

Also around this time, Tom took Sis and Nene to visit his parents in Bacchus Marsh. According to Nene, Ellen was nice, but John was 'a bit grumpy'.20,2,21
Tom & Sis Phillips
October 1922
Doris 'Nene' McDonald, Tom & Irene 'Sis' Phillips (McDonald), Jack Phillips, Sep 1922
Family in Shepparton
Soon after their marriage, Tom and Sis set up home Shepparton.

The couple's first child, John Lawrence Phillips was born in Shepparton in March 1923. The 1924 electoral roll shows Tom Phillips at 46 Maude St, but does not show Sis; she may not have reached the voting age of 21. It is probable this is where they lived when Jack was born.

Second son Reginold arrived about 16 months later in August 1924. At this time, according to the Shepparton rate books, the family lived in Nixon St. No one knows why Reg was born in Ascot Vale.

Third son, Laurence Lloyd arrived in 1925. The next birth location mystery is why Sis gave her address on the birth certificate as 7 Swallow St. Perhaps she was was staying at the home of a midwife for a while. Maybe the Nixon St house was being renovated for the new arrival, or expanded to accomodate the growing family at the time. We will probably never know.

Finally a girl; Irene Alice followed, then two more boys, Donald and Brian.

All six children spent some of their time growing up in Nixon St, though for the youngest Brian, not very long. Rate books and electoral rolls show the family in Nixon St from 1924 to 1937, first at number 62 (till 1931), then at number 16 (from 1933). The two Nixon St addresses may not have been different houses, just the result of house numbers being reallocated.

The five oldest children went to St Brendan's primary school in Shepparton. In 1936, Jack and Reg went to Assumption College in Kilmore where they boarded. Laurie followed a couple of years later.22
Reg, Jack, Laurie, Don & Rene Phillips
Back: Reg & Laurie; front: Rene, Brian & Don Phillips
Early Days in Shepparton
After starting his working life in Shepparton as a bread deliverer, Tom Phillips operated hair dressers and billiard rooms in High St. Opened in February 1923, Tom and his brother Jack, with several other assistants, operated the billiard saloon for about 15 years. Tom's brother Danny ran the hairdressing part of the operation.23,24,25
 
Over the years, Tom and his brother Joe were involved in various bookmaking activities.23
 
Tom Phillips fined 1926.26

From the mid-1930s, Tom had 'fruit machines' (early poker machines) installed at several places around town. They were owned by Hank the Yank. The income derived from the fruit machines set Tom up for later ventures and encouraged him to help others financially in the same way Hank the Yank had helped him.23
 
Gaming raid at Shepparton: Police raid Tom Phillips's billiard saloon 1936.27

Billiard saloon robbed: Tom Phillips's billiard room break-in 1939.28

There was talk of Tom once playing Walter Lindrum in an exhibition snooker match because no one else would play him. Walter Lindrum's first visit to Shepparton was in October 1937.25
 
Margaret Sellwood (Lee) remembers Tom & Sis Phillips visiting Beatrice and the family in a big flash American car (the Studebaker) when they lived in Lake Boga. She was about five years old and commented that 'It was like they were from another world'.29

 
Early Hotels
1938 was the beginning of the family's hotel era, when Tom and Sis bought the Pine Lodge Hotel at Shepparton East for 2500 pounds, and moved in. The children have many happy stories of their time at the 'Shepp East pub'. After about three years, they sold the Pine Lodge Hotel and Tom was involved in a number of ventures. Over the next few years, 'TJ' as he was affectionately known was connected with the Court House Hotel in Wyndham St, the Cricketer's Arms in Mooroopna, the Junction Hotel in Toolamba, the Stanley Hotel near Beechworth and the Telegraph Hotel in Numurkah. He also helped Jack Connors with the barber shop attached to the Shepparton Hotel, and 'Socks' Elliot with a restaurant venture.23,13
 
Life at the Shepp East Pub
In 1938 the family had their first taste of what life could be like while living in a pub. With the youngest, Brian, just two years old, they bought the Pine Lodge Hotel and 10 acres of land in Shepparton East.

The three older boys were boarding at Assumption College in Kilmore. Rene had attended St Brendan's primary school in Shepparton for three years and Don for one year before in 1938, they are both in the Grade I to IV class photo for Shepparton East School no. 1715.

While Tom was busy running the business, it was also a very busy time for Sis. As well as looking after the children and the usual domestic duties, she also worked the bar and kitchen. There was also a lot of night trading, which hotelkeepers had to do to survive in the days of six o'clock closing. Despite all this, Sis found time to be involved with the Shepparton East branch of the Country Women's Association.30,31
 
Tom loved to get out into the garden at the Pine Lodge hotel, though he rarely got the chance. When someone came up and asked him where Tom Phillips was, he would tell them he was the yardman and send them inside. When they went inside and asked for Tom, they'd be told he was outside!32

 
Brothers, Billiards, Beer and Bookmaking
At the time of his 1933 marriage, Joe gave his occupation as manager. He was probably running one of his brother Tom's billiard saloons in High St.33
 
Brothers Tom and Joe worked very closely together in their business ventures.

Around 1938 Tom moved out of billard saloons and into pubs. In November 1939 Joe took over the billiard table licence for the High St saloon where he had been working as a billiard marker.

And in the early 1940s, Tom sold his interest in the Pine Lodge Hotel in Shepparton East. A short time later, in February 1943, Joe's wife Vera took over the Pine Lodge Hotel licence from Amelia Mildred Mitchell. Two years later, this licence was transferred to Arthur William Mammen.34,35,36
Tom Phillips, Ida McLean & Joe Phillips
Major Lung Operation
Around 1940, Sis had a major operation in which one lung was removed. It came about suddenly following a haemorrhage. Sis was taken from Shepparton to a hospital in East Melbourne, possibly St Vincents or St Ives, where the operation took place.

The three eldest boys, Jack, Reg and Laurie were at Assumption College in Kilmore at the time. One day at morning rosary the Brothers announced to everyone that the boys' mother was about to have a serious operation and that they should all say a few prayers for them.

The family rallied around to help. Sis's mum came up from Melbourne to help look after Rene, Don & Brian. Sis spent time recovering at the home of her sister-in-law Tess in Essendon. And her sister Bub helped out with the kids and housework when Sis returned home.37,38,39
 
Orr Street, Shepparton
After moving out of the Pine Lodge Hotel around 1940, the family lived in a house at 77 Orr St.

Tom was then involved in a number of business ventures including the Court House Hotel, where the couple worked for a while.

When they bought the Hotel Australia, they continued to live at Orr St for some time after the purchase. According to her sister, Bub Williams, Sis was very keen to move into the pub, but Tom said only if Bub helped out at the pub.37,40
Tom & Sis Phillips, 77 Orr St, Shepparton
Image: Laurie & Lorraine Phillips
Back: Sis Phillips, Val Irwin; front: Brian, Don & Rene Phillips; probably 77 Orr St, Shepparton
Image: Laurie & Lorraine Phillips
Hotel Australia
Six months before the end of World War II, the Phillips family's connection with Hotel Australia began with a three year lease from Greg, Molly, Madge and Pos Dunne, with an option to purchase. This option was exercised in 1948 for 50,000 pounds. When Jack, Reg and Laurie returned from war service, they brought with them hoards of mates and the family business was in full swing. At its peak years of the 1950s and early 60s the Australia Hotel was regularly in the top 10 liquor sales figures for country Victoria. There are enough stories from the family's days in the Aussie to fill a book. Tom poured his last beer there in September 1979.13
Hotel Australia, Shepparton c. 1972
Hotel Australia, Shepparton c. 1950
Tiny Moylan and the cellar: One night, locksmith genius, wag and trick cyclist Leo 'Tiny' Moylan, the only man who could ride a bike down Mt Major backwards mounted on the handlebars, rode into the cellar in the 'snake pit' before a crowd of patrons crying with laughter.13

 
Bill Condon, racing expert: The Phillips boys perpetrated many pranks on former Shepparton News reporter and later Sporting Globe racing expert Bill Condon. He raced to more hoax 'fatals' at his peril, and went out to see more gelded sires than any other newsman in known history. Yet for all his naivety, he was still a brilliant journalist, according to the boys.13

 
What goes on in Shepparton: Tom Phillips quoted on the origin of the word 'Furphy'.41

Family Life at the Aussie Hotel
Although the family's official commencement at the Hotel Australia was November 1944, Tom & Sis still lived at Orr St for a time before moving. Sis was keen to move in but Tom insisted that her sister Bub would need to help out first.

At the time, Jack, Reg and Laurie were about 21, 20 and 19. They were either working in Melbourne or heading off to fight in the Second World War.

Rene was about 15, Don 13 and Brian 8. These three variously attended Sacred Heart college in Shepparton, St Brendan's primary school in Shepparton and St Patrick's boarding school in Ballarat.

All six children worked at the Aussie Hotel, though probably only the five boys were paid.

Some of the children married and left, the four oldest having left by 1951. Some lived for a time in the pub.

In the latter years at the Aussie (at least the last ten years), Tom and Sis would head up north in winter to the Broadbeach pub in Queensland for a holiday and to escape the cold.40,32
 
When Doc Kennedy visited Tom when he was crook, he'd take a bottle of Scotch upstairs with him. When asked on his return a few hours later how Tom was, Doc would say 'he was in good spirits when I saw him'.32

 
In 1979, the Phillips family sold any interest in the Aussie Hotel, and Tom and Sis moved out. Tom was 82 and Sis was 76.13
 
Horses and Bookmaking
Tom was inaugural president of the Shepparton Jockey Club and a foundation member of the Goulburn Valley Trotting Club. He was also once a licensed bookmaker.13,23
Back: unknown, possibly Ron Higgins the baker; front: Reg Gibbons, Tom Phillips
He later had an interest in several race horses, his favourites probably being Miss Latta and the New Zealand mare, Khorion. Khorion was originally raced as a trotter, but later with Sis and son Laurie, they bred thoroughbreds with modest success.32,42
 
Pubs and horse racing made for interesting bedfellows. At one time, in late 1947, trucks loaded with beer destined for a race meeting at Shepparton broke down at Seymour. Tom cancelled the race meeting and was quoted in the papers at the time as saying "it would have been no good running a meeting without beer".43
 
No beer, so the races were called off 1947: Tom Phillips calls off Shepparton races due to beer supply problem.43

And in 1968, a close shave with the gaming squad utimately resulted in a $50 donation to the Richmond footy club, the president of which, Ray Dunn, was the defence lawyer who appeared for Tom and secured an acquittal.44
 
Tom Phillips explains: "Mum's the word. But you might remember 'Little Sport' (his brother Joe) and I had a slight mishap on the premises the day the flying squad [police gaming squad] comes through looking for SP bookies and catch us red-handed. Well we have to front Georgie Catlow, the beak, but Ray Dunn appears for us and duly gets us off as always. After we all have dinner together back home at the Australia Mr Dunn says, 'Well, TJ, you'd better put in 50 bucks to the footy club and whatever you think's a fair thing to me.' That's how you see that in the Richmond annual report." [Other notable donors are Sir Robert Menzies, Jim Cairns, Arthur Caldwell & Senator Kennelly. Ray Dunn was club president, club solicitor and was on two committees. George Catlow was a magistrate and Tom Phillips had lunch with him every Friday.]44,45,46

Later Years
After moving out of the Hotel Australia in 1979, Tom and Sis moved into a unit in Corio St.

Tom died in 1980 aged 83 and is buried with Sis at Pine Lodge cemetery. At the time of his death, Tom had 29 grandchildren and nine great-grandchildren.
Graves of Tom and Sis Phillips, Pine Lodge Cemetery, Shepparton East

Citations

  1. [S10] Thomas James Phillips, birth registration no. 8018, 2 May 1897.
  2. [S11] Thomas James Phillips and Irene Gladys McDonald, marriage registration no. 7536, 9 September 1922.
  3. [S318] Bacchus Marsh & District Historical Society, personal communication, email from Christine Bronchinetti, 3 November 2013.
  4. [S109] 'Phillips Thomas James', B2455 First Australian Imperial Force Personnel Dossiers, 1914-1920, control symbol 'PHILLIPS T J', service record, 1915-1918, enlistment form.
  5. [S276] 'St Patrick's Day sports', Bacchus Marsh Express, 1857-1983, newspaper, Christopher Crisp & George Land, 22 Mar 1913, p. 4, viewed 8 Sep 2014, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article90576158
  6. [S109] 'Phillips Thomas James', B2455 First Australian Imperial Force Personnel Dossiers, 1914-1920, control symbol 'PHILLIPS T J', service record, 1915-1918.
  7. [S117] 'Fifth Division', First AIF Order of Battle 1914-1918, website, ADFA @UNSW, 3 March 2005, viewed 9 April 2019, https://aif.adfa.edu.au/OrderOfBattle/5th_Division.html
  8. [S246] 'Attack at Fromelles', Wikipedia, online, Wikimedia Foundation, viewed 12 April 2019, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attack_at_Fromelles
  9. [S517] '1916: Australians in France', Anzacs in France, 1916, webpage, AWM, viewed 12 April 2019, https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/event/ww1/1916/essay
  10. [S246] '5th Division (Australia)', Wikipedia, online, Wikimedia Foundation, viewed 12 April 2019, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/5th_Division_(Australia).
  11. [S518] '13th Australian Light Horse Regiment, AIF, Outline', Desert Column: Australian military history of the early 20th century, forum and website, Australian Light Horse Studies Centre, viewed 13 April 2019, http://alh-research.tripod.com/Light_Horse/index.blog/…
  12. [S117] 'Mounted troops', First AIF Order of Battle 1914-1918, website, ADFA @UNSW, 3 March 2005, viewed 9 April 2019, https://aif.adfa.edu.au/OrderOfBattle/Light_Horse.html
  13. [S247] 'Mine host pulls his last glass', Shepparton News, 27 September 1979, p. 9.
  14. [S42] 'The Australian Army: The sevice corps', , online, viewed 14 April 2019, https://www.awm.gov.au/index.php/learn/…
  15. [S12] 'Thomas James Phillips', Certificate of discharge, document, 9 October 1918.
  16. [S171] The Age, 1854-, newspaper, 28 October 1998, p. 4.
  17. [S45] Joy Prouse, personal communication, 13 March 1996.
  18. [S126] Peter Phillips, personal knowledge or recollection.
  19. [S37] Margaret Deveney, personal communication, 11 March 1996.
  20. [S108] Pauline Wilson, personal communication, 30 December 1996.
  21. [S52] Doris 'Nene' Courtie, personal communication, 30 December 1996.
  22. [S102] Jack Phillips, personal communication, 2 March 2013.
  23. [S102] Jack Phillips, personal communication, 30 November 1996.
  24. [S18] 'Publican Tom dies at 83', Shepparton News, 1877-, newspaper, 9 December 1980.
  25. [S443] 'Country news: Shepparton', Albury Banner and Wodonga Express, 1896-1939, newspaper, 8 October 1937, p. 36, viewed 5 September 2014, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article102703360
  26. [S220] 'Country news: Shepparton', The Argus, 1848-1957, newspaper, Argus Office, 1 December 1926, p. 15, viewed 9 June 2014, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article3824081
  27. [S220] The Argus, 1848-1957, newspaper, Argus Office, 'Gaming raid at Shepparton', 7 December 1936, p. 6.
  28. [S220] 'Billiard saloon robbed', The Argus, 1848-1957, newspaper, Argus Office, 2 March 1939, p. 4, viewed 16 November 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12102762
  29. [S51] Margaret Sellwood, personal communication, 3 March 2012.
  30. [S15] Irene Barnes, personal communication, 5 December 2012.
  31. [S233] Shepparton Shire & Town Rates Index, 1885-1939/1941, computer file, Shepparton Family History Group.
  32. [S15] Irene Barnes, personal communication, 4 December 2013.
  33. [S8] Joseph Phillips and Vera Victoria Rogerson, marriage registration no. 1281, 13 March 1933.
  34. [S220] 'Victuallers' licences', The Argus, 1848-1957, newspaper, Argus Office, 13 November 1939, p. 12, viewed 14 July 2014, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11272669
  35. [S220] 'Victuallers' licences', The Argus, 1848-1957, newspaper, Argus Office, 26 January 1943, p. 10, viewed 14 July 2014, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11336500
  36. [S220] 'Victuallers' licences', The Argus, 1848-1957, newspaper, Argus Office, 24 February 1945, p. 18, viewed 9 December 2013, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1107668
  37. [S15] Irene Barnes, personal communication, 5 October 2012.
  38. [S58] Violet 'Bub' Williams, personal communication, 1 September and 30 December 1996.
  39. [S32] Laurie Phillips, personal communication, 10 December 2012.
  40. [S58] Violet 'Bub' Williams, personal communication, 28 September 1996.
  41. [S220] 'What goes on in Shepparton', The Argus, 1848-1957, newspaper, Argus Office, 19 August 1953, p. 1, viewed April 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article23262441
  42. [S32] Laurie Phillips, personal communication.
  43. [S220] 'No beer, so the races were called off', The Argus, 1848-1957, newspaper, Argus Office, 29 December 1947, p. 1, viewed 16 November 2011, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article22533227
  44. [S236] 'At last, 25 years ago, it's 1968', The Shepparton Advisor, The Advisor, 31 August 1993, p. 45.
  45. [S214] Tom Carey, personal communication, May 2001.
  46. [S219] Richmond Football Club 84th Annual Report 1968, booklet, 1968, p. 23.
  47. [S104] Laurence Lloyd Phillips, birth registration no. 35021, unknown date.